Why we promote Rationality?

Rationality in simpler terms is the quality of being reasonable, based on facts or reason. It implies the conformity of one's beliefs with one's reasons to believe, or of one's actions with one's reasons for action. 
The evidence is all around you and beyond!

Drop your preconceptions, and simply look around. Rationality is about perspective....rational thinking is the ability to think out of the box, to think critically, to produce “good quality of thoughts” in certain situations to arrive at a rational decision.  
Put analytically, rational thought is the systematic extension and development of ideas, using defined rules of inference and deduction and avoiding logical fallacies, rhetorical distortions, and cognitive collapses.

"Change your thoughts and you change your world.”
~ Norman Vincent Peale 

Daniel Dennett is one of the world's most original and provocative thinkers. On May 22nd 2013 he went to Intelligence Squared to share the insights he has acquired over his 40-year career into the nature of how we think, decide and act. Dennett revealed his favourite thinking tools, or 'intuition pumps', that he and others have developed for addressing life's most fundamental questions. As well as taking a fresh look at familiar moves -- Occam's Razor, reductio ad absurdum -- he discussed new cognitive solutions designed for the most treacherous subject matter: evolution, meaning, consciousness and free will.

Daniel Dennett’s Intuition pumps and other tools for thinking is his most exciting, original, and rigorous work since Darwin’s dangerous idea (1995), published almost twenty years ago. It is also Dennett’s most sustained and explicit discussion, in print, of his distinctive philosophical method. Dennett is notorious for eschewing the standard methodology of his discipline: analytic philosophy’s fetishization of formal, conceptual analysis. In this book, he defends his maverick philosophical style, largely through illustration. The book is a compendium of thinking tools, or “intuition pumps”, mostly devised by him in other writings, meant to show their utility (and sometimes lack thereof) at elucidating conceptual puzzles at the heart of the subject matter to which Dennett has devoted his long and distinguished career: the place of the human mind in nature, as understood by contemporary science. However, the book is also more than a mere compendium of thinking tools. In the process of exploring his conceptual toolbox, Dennett paints a compelling picture of the nature of the human mind. This thematic duality, the simultaneous expounding of philosophical method and content, is unavoidable given Dennett’s understanding of the human mind, according to which it is distinctive in its competence at inventing and wielding culturally transmitted cognitive tools. Dennett’s philosophical method is tailored to the needs of human minds as he conceives them: he aspires to enrich the conceptual toolbox we use to think about our own nature and its place in the universe.

According to Dennett, human minds succeed in some domain only to the extent that they wield cognitive tools that are well crafted for navigating it. When the domain is the human mind itself, and its place in nature, successful navigation is especially fraught. The reason is that we are burdened with a cultural inheritance of poorly crafted tools for thinking about this subject matter. Unfortunately, according to Dennett, rather than discarding such tools and replacing them with better ones, many contemporary philosophers merely elaborate obsolete tools for thinking about the mind, giving them a seductively shiny, modern veneer that makes them all the more difficult to dislodge. The central, animating
theme of Dennett’s book is a clear characterization of the key difference between useful and counterproductive cognitive tools for thinking about the human mind. The latter all share a key defect. To use Dennett’s own words, they mistake “a failure of imagination for an insight into necessity” (1991). The former, on the other hand, enhance our imaginative capacities, exploring what can be the case, rather than wallowing in what can’t.

The thinking tools we owe to Daniel Dennett, aides to the imagination aimed at exploring possibilities we find counter-intuitive, rather than failures of imagination mistaken for insights into necessity, embody everything that is admirable about Dennett’s intellectual character. They reveal his optimism and ingenuity, an unparalleled (among philosophers) broad and deep understanding of the key fields comprising cognitive science, an extraordinarily creative imagination, wit, literary showmanship, clarity, generosity of spirit, philosophical insight and depth, and a profound concern with the social and political implications of the philosophy and sciences of mind. Intuition pumps and other tools for
thinking is, in my opinion, destined to become a classic.

More References:-
1. Dennett, D. (1984). Elbow room: The varieties of free will worth wanting. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
2. Dennett, D. (1987). The intentional stance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Dennett, D. (1991a). Consciousness explained. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.
3. Dennett, D. (1991b). Real patterns. Journal of Philosophy, 88(1), 27e51. Dennett, D. (1995). Darwin’s dangerous idea. New York: Simon & Schuster.
4. Dennett, D. (2003). Freedom evolves. New York: Viking.
5. Dennett, D. (2014). Intuition pumps and other tools for thinking. London: Penguin Books.

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